On Solomon's Heart

«The Capacity to Hear the Voice of Truth, to Be Docile to Its Instructions»

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CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, JULY 24, 2011 (Zenit.org).- Here is a translation of the address Benedict XVI gave today before and after praying the midday Angelus with those who had gathered at the papal summer residence in Castel Gandolfo.

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Dear brothers and sisters!

Today in the Liturgy, the Old Testament reading presents to us the figure of King Solomon, son and successor of David. He is presented to us at the beginning of his reign, when he was still very young. Solomon inherited a demanding task and the responsibility that weighed on him was great for a young sovereign. The first thing that he did was offer a solemn sacrifice to God –- «1,000 holocausts,» the Bible says. Then the Lord appeared to him in a vision at night and promised him to grant him what he asked for in prayer. And here we see the greatness of Solomon’s soul: he did not ask for a long life, nor riches, nor the elimination of his enemies; instead he said to the Lord: «Grant a docile heart to your servant that he might know how to render justice to his people and know how to distinguish good from evil» (1 Kings 3:9). And the Lord heard him, so that Solomon became celebrated in all the world for his wisdom and his just judgments.

Solomon asked God for «a docile heart.» What does this expression mean? We know that in the Bible the «heart» does not only mean a part of the body, but the center of the person, the seat of his intentions and his judgments. We might say that it is the conscience. «Docile heart» therefore means a conscience that knows how to listen, which is sensitive to the voice of truth, and because of this it is able to discern good from evil. In the case of Solomon, the request is guided by the responsibility of leading a nation, Israel, the people through whom God had chosen to manifest his plan of salvation to the world. For this reason the king of Israel must seek to be in harmony with God, listening to his Word, to lead his people in the ways of the Lord, the ways of justice and peace.

But Solomon’s example is valid for every man. Each of us has a conscience to be in a certain sense «king,» that is, to exercise the great human dignity of acting according to a properly formed conscience, doing good and avoiding evil. Moral conscience presupposes the capacity to hear the voice of truth, to be docile to its instructions. Persons who are called to the office of ruling of course have a further responsibility, and therefore — as Solomon says — have even more need of God. But each person has his own part to perform in the concrete situation in which he finds himself. An erroneous mentality suggests that we ask God for nice things and privileged situations; in fact, the true quality of our life and social existence depends on each person’s properly formed conscience, on the capacity of each and every person to recognize the good, separating it from evil, and to attempt patiently to realize it.

So, let us ask for the help of the Virgin Mary, Seat of Wisdom. Her «heart» is perfectly «docile» to the Lord’s will. Although she is a humble and simple person, Mary is a queen in the eyes of God, and as such we venerate her. May the Holy Virgin help us also to form, with God’s grace, a conscience always open to the truth and sensitive to justice, to serve the Kingdom of God.

[Following the Angelus the Holy Father addressed the pilgrims in several languages. In Italian, he said:]

To our dismay once again news has arrived of death and violence. We all experience a deep sorrow for the grave terroristic acts that occurred on Friday in Norway. Let us pray for the victims, for the wounded and for their loved ones. To all I wish to repeat the urgent call to abandon the way of hate forever and to flee from the logic of evil.

[Translation by Joseph G. Trabbic] [In English, he said:]

I am pleased to welcome the English-speaking visitors gathered for this Angelus prayer. In today’s Gospel, the Lord urges us to see the Kingdom of God as the most important thing in our lives, a treasure which will last to life eternal. May we welcome Christ ever more fully into our hearts and allow his grace to transform our lives. Upon you and your families I cordially invoke the joy and peace of God’s heavenly Kingdom!

[Concluding in Italian he said:]

Have a good Sunday, everyone! From my heart I thank you for your prayers. May the Lord bless you!

[Translation by Joseph G. Trabbic]
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