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Refugee children from Syria at a clinic in Ramtha

WIKIMEDIA COMMONS - DFID - UK Department for International Development

Syria: Children Leaving Last ISIS Areas Show Signs of Severe Psychological Distress

Thousands of Children in Displacement Camps in North East Syria

Thousands of Syrian and foreign children who have recently moved from ISIS-held areas into displacement camps in North East Syria show signs of psychological distress, and many will likely need long term mental health and psychosocial support to recover from their experiences, said Save the Children on February 27, 2019.

In Al Hol camp, where the majority of people recently displaced by the offensive to recapture ISIS-held areas have arrived, Save the Children has set up recreational spaces for children, as well as a center for unaccompanied children. Across all of these facilities, our teams report that children are showing signs of psychological distress, including nervousness, withdrawal, aggression, nightmares, and bedwetting, especially among children aged 10 to 14 years old.

Children who have fled ISIS-held areas are likely to have witnessed acts of brutality and lived under intense bombardment and deprivation in the last enclave held by the group.

Mai*, 11, lived for several years under ISIS with her family. Currently in a camp in the North East, she remembers witnessing beheadings and other acts of violence. Her older brother was detained by ISIS four years ago when he was seventeen and the family hasn’t seen him since.

She recalls life under ISIS:

“They burned our home to the ground to force us out. When ISIS was there, we weren’t allowed to go to school or learn and they raised the price of vegetables, so we were all going hungry. Whenever they saw a woman talking with a man they would stone them, and they would behead prisoners in front of their family. I always tried not to look when there were beheadings, I would hide behind my mum.”

Hassan, a member of Save the Children’s Child Protection team said:

“Boys we work with show a fear of others and a lack of trust. When we ask them about their life in recent years, they refuse to talk. They remain withdrawn and have a hard time socializing. When night falls, the children express their fears because for them darkness is synonymous with airstrikes and shelling. So they can still not dissociate those memories from the fact that they are in a camp where there is no fighting.”

In order to accelerate their healing, children who have experienced conflict, violence and traumatizing events need sustained access to mental health and psychosocial services in a protective environment. Family unity and education are also vital for children’s wellbeing.

Save the Children’s Syria Response Director, Sonia Khush said:

“Many children arriving in Al Hol have been displaced multiple times with their families, and dozens have arrived on their own. They have moved from shelter to tent, from town to camp, and their sense of home and belonging has been lost. For months, and sometimes years, they are likely to have missed out on regular schooling, proper nutrition, and health services. While we are responding to the needs as best as we can, much more needs to be done to help these children recover. That includes funding and access for case management and protective services, and for foreign children repatriation to their countries of origin.”

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