Abbot Semaan Abou Abdou was Patriarchal (Apostolic) Administrator of the Maronite Eparchy of Aleppo, Syria. He is a member of the Maronite Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a Lebanon-based congregation with ancient roots in Aleppo.
Syria’s largest city is hotly contested by both the regime and rebel forces, including jihadists who often target Christian neighborhoods. On the evening of Oct. 25, 2015, the Roman Catholic Church of St. Francis suffered an attack while 400 people were attending Mass.
Pope Francis on Saturday, Oct. 31, gave his assent to the canonical election by the Synod of Bishops of the Maronite Church of Fr. Joseph Tobji as archbishop of Aleppo of the Maronites, Syria.
Abbot Abdou spoke with international Catholic charity Aid to the Church in Need last week, Oct. 28, during a visit to New York.
How traumatized are your people?
Three words summarize the war in Syria: killing, displacement, and destruction.
There are three existential questions: When will the war end? Where are we heading? Who is benefiting? Then there are three questions of faith: Where is God? Why did God forsake us? Why doesn’t He end the war? Everyone is confused, terrified, and feeling aimless.
There are shortages of water, power outages, a lack of fuel, medicine—many doctors have fled the city. Plus, our churches and many people’s homes have been destroyed. The violence is causing untold grief. I was deeply affected last March during the funeral service of a mother and her two young children who had perished in a bombing. It was a very difficult, emotional scene: here are three coffins in the church—what could I tell people? Everyone is crying, especially their young friends. May the Spirit of the Lord console the hearts of those who are grieving.
What kind of spiritual strength and resilience is required for ordinary Christians to cope with the ongoing violence and uncertainty?
We work at both the psychological and spiritual levels: with daily prayers, Mass, the rosary, celebrating important occasions such as Christmas and New Year—for the children—and family jubilees, such as 25th and 50th wedding anniversaries; we organize meals for the community. We hold numerous meetings that give young people a chance to express their feelings, to pray together, to discuss topics of war and peace and the vital importance of acceptance of others—how to live our faith in times of war. We visit the elderly; we help children in doing their homework and assignments; and we work with women and housewives, for both spiritual and cultural purposes. The Church is busy doing all these things as much as the security situation allows.
How do you and your flock maintain hope?
There is a positive outlook: Everyone in Aleppo is a potential martyr—in particular Christians who are being killed simply because they are Christians and do not want to abandon their faith and their land. Sometimes I can really see that people’s faith is changing and growing. Their faith is rock solid; they come to church in large numbers. One can see on the faces of the majority the reflection of an inner happiness that takes you to the spiritual realm. They are able to thank the Lord with all their heart; they do not complain despite the persecution, all the distress and deprivations. There is a smile on their faces. They thank you and appreciate everything you do for them. My people, the children included, give me lessons in happiness.
Christians in the Middle East are a minority—but their number is not important. What matters is the intrinsic value and power of their existence and the witness of their active presence.
Aid to the Church in Need is an international Catholic charity under the guidance of the Holy See, providing assistance to the suffering and persecuted Church in more than 140 countries. www.churchinneed.org (USA); www.acnuk.org (UK); www.aidtochurch.org (AUS); www.acnireland.org (IRL); www.acn-aed-ca.org (CAN) www.acnmalta.org (Malta)