On September 24, Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher, Secretary for Relations with States and Head of the Delegation of the Holy See to the 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, gave an intervention during the Nelson Mandela Peace Summit, which was an extraordinary high-level meeting of the General Assembly. It was held to mark the centenary of Mandela’s birth on July 18, 1918.
In his statement, Archbishop Gallagher said that Mandela’s legacy has become synonymous with the promotion of peace, nonviolence, reconciliation, non-discrimination, and human rights. Archbishop Gallagher focused on two lessons from Mandela’s life. The first is that victory never means humiliating a defeated foe, which Mandela showed by his grace and generosity in victory after 27 years of imprisonment and offering a hand of friendship to those who had made him suffer. The second is that peace is consolidated when nations can discuss matters as equals, something that is featured in the way Mandela practiced the concept of Ubuntu, which teaches that we can only flourish when we help people around us flourish. He quoted Mandela’s words that to make peace with your enemy you must work with him and make him your partner.
His statement follows:
Secretary for Relations with States,
Head of the Delegation of the Holy See
to the Seventy-third Session of the United Nations General Assembly
Nelson Mandela Peace Summit
New York, 24 September 2018
Mandela’s legacy has become synonymous with the promotion of peace and non-violence, reconciliation and healing, non-discrimination and the promotion of human rights. In a telegram to express his condolences for the death of Nelson Mandela, Pope Francis paid tribute to his “steadfast commitment […] in promoting the human dignity of all the nations’ citizens and in forging a new South Africa built on the firm foundations of non-violence, reconciliation, and truth.” The centenary of Mandela’s birth reminds us of another centenary: that of the end of the First World War, a conflict that violently disfigured the face of Europe. Reflecting on the Great War and the life of Nelson Mandela, two great lessons emerge that could serve as golden rules to foster peace.
The first lesson is that victory never means humiliating a defeated foe. Peace is not built by vaunting the power of the victor over the vanquished. The haughty glory of the victor sows the seed of rancor that would translate itself into vengeance on the first opportunity, while humility in victory is a promise of reconciliation. After twenty-seven years of imprisonment, Mandela’s sacrifices were vindicated with the end of apartheid and his becoming the President of South Africa. He was gracious and generous in victory and, before the cheers of the world, remained humble. His wisdom led him to reject recrimination in favor of reconciliation and to extend a hand of friendship to those who had made him suffer, convinced that the future demanded moving beyond the past.
The second lesson is that peace is consolidated when nations can discuss matters on equal terms. There is a reason why the League of Nations was born after the Great War and the United Nations in the dying embers of the Second World War: Effective multilateralism is a concrete expression of the “family of nations.” As Pope John Paul II affirmed in his Address to the General Assembly on 5 October 1995, “The United Nations Organization needs to rise more and more above the cold status of an administrative institution and to become a moral center where all the nations of the world feel at home and develop a shared awareness of being, as it were, a ‘family of nations.’ The idea of ‘family’ immediately evokes something more than simple functional relations or a mere convergence of interests. The family is by nature a community based on mutual trust, mutual support, and sincere respect. In an authentic family the strong do not dominate; instead, the weaker members, because of their very weakness, are all the more welcomed and served.”
In Nelson Mandela’s legacy, we find this idea in the very rich concept of Ubuntu, according to which “people are made people through other people,” that we are one humanity so bound to one another that we flourish only if we help people around us flourish.
The Political Declaration, adopted at the beginning of this Peace Summit, acknowledges that we must “seek the conversion of heart and mind that can make a difference.” A conversion of hearts is indeed needed; we have to recognize in the other a brother or sister to care for and to work with in building a fulfilling life for all. This is the spirit that inspires many initiatives of civil society, including religious organizations, in promoting peace.
Each New Year’s Day, the Catholic Church celebrates the “World Day of Peace” in order to draw attention to the immense, universal good of peace. Today’s Summit is also a kind of “World Day of Peace,” in which we proclaim that peace is a gift from God entrusted to us all. It is our task to care for it. The Holy See joins Member States in every effort to work strenuously for true peace and expresses hope that “the daily commitment of all will continue to bear fruit and that there will be an effective application in international law of the right to peace, as a fundamental human right and a necessary prerequisite for every other right.” This would be the type of conversion of mind and heart, to flourish through helping others flourish in peace and freedom, that we celebrate in the magnanimous life of Nelson Mandela. As Mandela counsels in his autobiography “Long Walk to Freedom”: “If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.” May Mandela’s inspiring perseverance in seeking justice, freedom, and peace, be for this “family of nations” a motivation to redouble our efforts and dedication in the quest for a more just and thus peaceful world.
Thank you, Madam President.