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Child Refugees Across World Draw Their Hopes and Horrors

Drawings show not only loss and sadness, but also the resilience and determination of the children.

To mark World Refugee Day (June 20, 2019), Save the Children released a powerful series of Polaroid images from children living in three of the largest refugee settlements in the world.

Conflict has driven millions of children from their homes and their countries of Syria, Myanmar and the Democratic Republic of Congo, forcing them to rebuild their lives in entirely new surroundings. Despite the horrors they’ve endured and the challenges they face, their optimism for their future remains.

In a series of workshops that Save the Children ran with child refugees living in Jordan, Bangladesh, and Uganda, their portraits were captured using Polaroid cameras and they were then invited to draw their hopes and dreams for the future.

The resulting drawings show not only loss and sadness, but also the resilience and determination of the children. They describe both the trauma of losing loved ones and having to flee their homes because of fighting and what they want to be when they grow up,  whether to become doctors, footballers or teachers.

Beaufret*,14, drew the horrors he witnessed in the Democratic Republic of Congo before he and his family fled to Uganda.

“Here is my house. Here is the person who cut my father. Here are the others, already dead. We are jumping over them while we are running. You can see the blood when they are dead… 

Despite his tragedies, Beaufret*’s other photos reflect his tenacity and hope for his future:

“Here I am standing and the local doctors when we are helping people. Here we are finished now in the hospital, we are now playing football.”

 Hasina*, 13, is a Rohinyga refugee girl living with her parents and four siblings in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. She likes to make flowers and learn handicrafts and her favorite subject is Burmese because it reminds her of home.

“I was afraid of ghosts when I first came to the camp because they make the people senseless and sometimes crazy. Ghosts are what dead people become.”

 

“I want to be a tailor when I am older and to make my own clothes and I can use the money I make [tailoring] to get treatment if I became ill and to help my family.” 

Omar*, 15, is from Daraa Syria and has lived half his life in Za’atari refugee camp, Jordan. He says he was very happy in Syria but his family had to leave because they were close to a lot of death and their house was destroyed.

 “I have drawn a doctor because this is what I want to be – I want to build a hospital and call it Syria. My dad hopes I will become a doctor. I also want to be a footballer – here you can see my fans chanting my name. I also, want to help all the refugees in the future. Like provide aid for them and help them access education because I’m a refugee too.” 

The world is currently experiencing the highest levels of forcible displacement on record. Every two seconds a new person becomes displaced and children are disproportionally affected by the crisis. Latest statistics show an unprecedented 70.8 million people around the world – more than the population of the United Kingdom – have been forced from their homes as a result of conflict or persecution, including around 35 million children.[iii]

Renewed crises in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Myanmar, along with the on-going conflict in Syria have fuelled the overall rise in the displaced and refugee population.

People from these three countries account for the highest number of refugees globally, including 5.44 million Syrians[iv], 900,000 [v] Rohingya and 850,000 [vi] Congolese. These numbers do not include those that have been forcibly displaced within their own country.

Save the Children helps child refugees from the DRC, Syria, and Myanmar through the provision of food rations, psycho-social support, education programs, child-friendly spaces, and health centers.

Syria – Za’atari Refugee Camp, Jordan

  • Syria’s 8-year conflict has resulted in 6.2 million[vii] internally displaced and 5.44 million refugees.[viii]
  • Most refugees have sought safety in Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon.
  • More than 650,000 Syrians have registered as refugees in Jordan[ix], around half of them are children.
  • Less than half of Syrian refugee children in Jordan are in education.
  • Girls are at risk of early or forced marriage as a result of poverty and the fear of sexual violence. 

Myanmar – Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

  • Renewed violence against the Rohingya minority in Myanmar in August 2017 resulted in a wave of more than 740,000 people crossing into neighboring Bangladesh.[x]
  • There are nearly 1 million Rohyinga refugees and the vast majority have found refuge in Cox’s Bazar – home to the largest refugee settlement in the world.
  • As of April 2019, 902,000 Rohingya refugees live in 35 congested camps in Cox’s Bazar and more than 55 percent, or nearly 500,000, are children.[xi]
  • 23% of Rohingya refugee children in Bangladesh aged 3-14 have no access to regular learning opportunities.
  • Only 7 in 100 children and youth aged 15-24 have access to education. 

Democratic Republic of Congo – Kyaka Refugee Camp, Uganda

  • After decades of on-going violence, an estimated 4.5 million people are internally displaced within the Democratic Republic of Congo and nearly 850,00 are refugees [xii]
  • In 2018, 120,000 Congolese refugees fled to Uganda [xiii] and more continue to arrive. Uganda is already hosting the most refugees in Africa – more than 1.25 million [xiv] More than half are out of school [xv].
  • Militias routinely abduct, recruit and abuse children – both boys and girls. Children are killed and made to commit atrocities on the battlefield, forced into sexual slavery and exploited.
  • 2017 saw the highest level of verified child casualties on record, and the highest level of recruitment of child soldiers for nearly a decade.

[ii] Save the Children. Stop the War on Children: Protecting Children in 21 Century Conflict. (London: 2019)

[iii] See Global Trends 2018 UNHCR, reporting about half of all displaced people are children.

 

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