Syria: Christians Want to Stay

Local Church Scrambles to Find a Way

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“Fortunately, the battles are over for now. There was fierce fighting in Nebek all through Advent. No one was able to flee. The people were trapped. Peace was then finally restored in the week before Christmas. But you never know.”

Sister Houda Fadoul sounds relieved. The Syrian-Catholic nun presides over a congregation of women religious near Nebek, a city of around 50000 inhabitants, 50 miles north-east of Damascus at desert’s edge, and just about the same distance from the ancient Christian center of Homs to the north. The local flock is comprised of just 120 families, for a total Catholic population of 500, which is served by two parishes, one Syrian-Catholic, the other Melkite.  

It’s mid-winter and the town—which has by and large remained under government control since the outbreak of Syria’s civil war in 2011—is enjoying a lull in the clashes between the government and Islamic extremists. However, the threat of fresh fighting is always looming. Says Sister Fadoul, “the jihadists are not far away. We Christians are scared of them. But so are the Muslims of Nebek. After all, the jihadists also kill Muslims. No one wants them here. In Nebek, the Christians and Muslims are like family.”

Some 90 Christian houses were destroyed or damaged during the battles late last year. “The jihadists thought that the government would spare them if they attacked in the Christian district. But that was not the case. There was fierce fighting here. However, the Christian district lies unprotected on a hill. And so the Christian houses were hit especially hard. The people hid for weeks in cellars.”

Life in Nebek has not been easy for a long time, even before the recent round of clashes. “We often don’t have any electricity. The people sit in the dark. There is also a shortage of heating fuel. Neither diesel nor wood is available. And the winter gets cold. The people suffer,” reported Sister Houda, adding that the price of food, if it is even available, has gone sky high. The state of medical care is very poor, a situation worsened by a chronic shortage of medicine.

“However, the biggest problem here is that there is no work. Many factories have closed or have been destroyed. The young men are unemployed. We have to take care of them,” said Sister Houda, part of whose mission is to find ways to supply small local businesses with raw materials. “I am thinking of carpenters. We could supply them with wood. And we could also help small stores that sell batteries or torches by providing them with goods,” she said.

However, despite all the hardship, Sister Houda insists that the people’s faith has not suffered. She said: “the Christians here are very brave. They celebrated a large Mass of Thanksgiving after the most recent battles. The destroyed houses are one thing. They don’t consider that so important. Instead, they thanked God for the fact that they are still alive. We have to help the people regain their hope and faith that they can have a future in Syria. If not, we will lose them.”

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Oliver Maksan

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