In Egypt, the process of “legalization” of Christian places of worship built in the past without the required permits, along with the granting of authorizations for the construction of new churches, continues at a rapid pace Fides News Agency reported March 7, 2019. The Egyptian Council of Ministers, chaired by Premier Mostafa Kamal Madbouly, approved last March 5 the report of the Committee for the regularization, restoration, and construction of new churches, which formally attested the verification and the subsequent authorization to the legitimate use of 783 Christian places of worship subjected to ministerial controls.
Government and ecclesiastical sources, relaunched by the Egyptian media, expect that at the end of 2020 the controls and the consequent ministerial authorizations will be completed for more than 700 Christian places of worship awaiting regularization.
The churches submitted to the scrutiny of the ad hoc government commission are mainly those built before the new law on the construction of Christian buildings of worship came into force, approved by Parliament at the end of August 2016. The work of the government commission, consists in verifying if thousands of churches and Christian places of prayer built in the past without the required authorizations meet the standards established by the new law. The verification is usually resolved in the “regularization” of places of worship, which are declared compliant with the parameters defined by the new legal provisions.
In recent decades, many of the Christian places of worship had been built spontaneously, without all the necessary authorizations. Even today, such buildings continue from time to time to be used as a pretext by Islamist groups to foment sectarian violence against Christians.
The law on places of worship in August 2016 represented for the Egyptian Christian communities an objective step forward compared to the so-called “10 Rules” added in 1934 to the Ottoman legislation from the Ministry of Interior, which prohibited, among other things to build new churches near schools, channels, government buildings, railways and residential areas. In many cases, the strict application of those rules had prevented to build churches in cities and villages inhabited by Christians, especially in rural areas of Upper Egypt.