IV Sunday of Easter – Year C – May 12th, 2019
Acts 13: 14, 43-52; Ps 100; Rev 7:9, 14B- 17; Jn10:27-30
The Good Shepherd
Acts 21:8B-14; Ps 15; Phil 1:8-14; Jn 15:9-17
- The good and strong Shepherd.
In this Sunday’s Gospel Jesus says: ” My sheep hear my voice; I know them, and they follow me.
I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish. No one can take them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one can take them out of the Father’s hand. The Father and I are one.” (Jn 10: 27-30). The Risen Christ uses three important verbs: to listen, to know and to follow. Even today we are invited to listen to the voice of the Lord, who knows us – therefore he loves us – and to follow him on the path of humility, as we are reminded by the prayer at the beginning of today’s Mass” Almighty and always living God, lead us to the community of heavenly joys, so that the humility of the flock can reach the One from whom the strength of the Shepherd proceeds (it is my translation of “Omnípotens sempitérne Deus, deduc nos ad societátem cæléstium gaudiórum, ut eo pervéniat humílitas gregis, quo procéssit fortitúdo pastóris ”.
The Risen Christ is the good and strong Shepherd who guides us towards the joy “of pastures of fresh herbs. He shows us the right way. He gives us the true meaning of life and helps us to build it and realize it fully. He is the Lord; he is his Word. We can feel the deep and concrete love of Jesus: He knows us with love. “He knows the thoughts and doubts of our heart. He comes looking for us, always. Jesus knows us, cares for us, heals us, brings us to safety in the community of the believers on this earth and in the blessedness of the children of God in eternity. Jesus puts so much trust in us; he always renews it and with his trust we can do many things. The important thing is to follow him. He is the way, the truth, the life. How to follow him? In faith, in love, in listening to his word, in building up every day the response to the vocation he has given us, in love for neighbor and the needy in body and spirit because it is in the neighbor that Jesus is present , speaks to us, urges us to follow Him, the good Shepherd.
In today’s culture the figure of the shepherd is almost unknown and to call somebody “sheep” can be an offence. On the contrary, in the Bible, sheep farming is well known and has a positive and deep meaning. God is presented as the shepherd of his people “The Lord is my shepherd;*there is nothing I lack.”(Ps 23:1) “For he is our God we are the people he shepherds the sheep in his hands” (Ps 95:7). The future Messiah too is described with the image of a shepherd “Like a shepherd he feeds his flock; in his arms he gathers the lambs carrying them in his bosom, leading the ewes with care” (Is 40:11). This ideal image of a shepherd finds its full realization in Christ. He is the good shepherd who searches for the lost sheep. He takes pity on his people because he sees them “like sheep without shepherd” (Mt 9:36) He calls his disciples “little flock” (Lk 12:32). Peter calls Jesus “shepherd and guardian of your souls” (1 Pt 2:25) and in Hebrews 13:20 He is called “the great shepherd of the sheep.”
Jesus is the true Shepherd because He is the one who guides his flock with love, makes sure that it stays united and defends his sheep from danger. The good shepherd knows his sheep one by one and cares for all of them, counts them when they return to the fold and, when one is missing, leaves all the others to go in search of it.
In calling “sheep” his friends and followers, Christ underlines the essential relation that links them to Him. This relation of salvation is defined by the verbs “they hear and follow” referred to the believers and “I know” referred to Jesus.
2. The Good Shepherd, passionate and provident
Jesus knows and loves every one of his followers. It should not sound odd if He calls us sheep because he allowed for himself to be called “lamb” so that his duty to “take away the sins of the world” would become our mission, that is to take his forgiveness to all people.
In today’s gospel He speaks about us as his flock and about him as the good shepherd who gives his life for his sheep. He never relinquishes his sheep and loves them to the point of giving his life for them. Moved by his passion for us, He didn’t hesitate to face the passion of the Cross. He is the good shepherd in love with life so that we can have eternal life. It is natural to wonder why we, the lucky flock, would abandon this Way and depart on roads leading to ravines. He, the infinitely good, divine, merciful and loyal shepherd, searches us, calls us by name and when He finds us, put us on his shoulders and leads us to the eternal pasture of heaven. (1 Pt 2:25)
We are in the hands of the Good Shepherd, who leads us one by one and introduces us into real life, in the life of friends, as the Gospel of the Ambrosian liturgy reminds us. However it is not enough that we declare ourselves ‘friends’ of Christ. We must express our true friendship with Jesus in the way we follow him, with goodness of heart, humility, clemency and mercy.
To follow Jesus is to pledge our willingness and walk behind the One of whom we have heard and loved, the Word of Life. Behind Him our steps don’t waver. He will carry us to the green pasture. Even if we walk through a valley of shadows we do not fear because He is with us. (Ps 23)
To follow it is necessary to listen engaging the mind and heart. The real listening is to obey (the etymology of to obey is ob-audire = to be listening) in the same way the Apostles did, and they became fishers of men and shepherds of souls. True obedience is to listen and put in practice Christ’s word of love. Obedience must be lived not only by doing things, but also with the desire to learn from Him the pattern of our own life, following the truth of love and letting us be guided by the love of a good Shepherd, a true Friend.
3. Vocation: “space” of freedom.
If the verbs “to hear” and “to follow” used in today’s Roman gospel are verbs that indicate a deep dialogue and a communion of life and not only of thoughts, the verb “to know” lays the foundations of the Apostles’ vocation and of our vocation. This vocation is called to a relationship of communion between Jesus and his disciples and involves the entire person, his or her thoughts, love and behavior. This vocation is a call to receive life (“I’m giving them eternal life”) and to share it with all humanity.
If, as Jesus says, two are the main facts that characterize his sheep (to hear his voice and to follow his way), to be aware that Christ knows and loves us means that we must not keep this gift for ourselves. With this knowledge of Christ we are called to be the salt and light for the world. It is true that our world continuously changes, but it is not necessary to race looking for ideas and new projects. Jesus’ voice has already echoed, and the direction of his path has been drawn. What has been demanded from the Christian community is loyalty of memory not the brilliance of the invention of new pastoral programs.
He is a friend who knows us and makes us understand that the heart is committed. We know in truth only what we love. It is a love which goes behind evidence. It is a knowledge that comes from the inside, from deep down. It is to know Life and Truth following the Way. It is the knowledge of Love that makes us free.
Jesus has many times affirmed that his freedom is not to put a distance from the Father, but to do His will. Freedom and obedience to the Father (which is always obedience to the donation of one self) coincide. The true space of freedom is the love to which Christ calls us. Vocation is a gift to be welcomed with amazement. “The wonder we experience for the gift that God has made to us in Christ gives new impulse to our lives and commits us to becoming witnesses of his love. We become witnesses when, through our actions, words and way of being, Another makes himself present. Witness could be described as the means by which the truth of God’s love comes to men and women in history, inviting them to accept freely this radical newness. Through witness, God lays himself open, one might say, to the risk of human freedom” (Benedict XVI Sacramentum caritatis #85).
Today is the Good Shepherd Sunday dedicated to the vocation to priesthood; however, let’s not forgive the religious vocations. The ones who commit themselves to follow Christ in poverty, obedience and chastity remind to the People of God that “ Poverty, chastity and obedience don’t have any value if they are not the expression of love, if love doesn’t undresses us in poverty, if love doesn’t purify us in chastity, and if love doesn’t sacrifices us in obedience” (Divo Barsotti) The consecrated Virgins live this condition complying every day with the prayer that the Bishop pronounced on the day of their consecration: “Set them on the way of eternal salvation; may they see only what is pleasing to you, and fulfill it with watchful care. We ask this through Christ our Lord.” (RCV # 21)
In this way, the consecrated Virgins live what Pope Francis calls “the essence of the” three looks” of the Lord on Peter:” The first, the look of choice, with the enthusiasm to follow Jesus; the second, the look of repentance, in the moment of a sin so serious to the point of having denied Jesus; the third glance is the gaze of the mission: “Feed my lambs, feed my sheep, feed my sheep” ».
In their virginal eyes it is reflected the gaze of Christ: a pure gaze, a gaze that penetrates but does not judge, a look that sees beyond appearances, behavior and attitudes, and goes straight to the heart of the person, in the sense that it succeeds to see its original beauty and what constitutes it. Jesus succeeds in reading in people the longing for good and for beauty, he manages to overcome the black blanket of sin that envelops the interlocutor and sees the beauty of the creature, of the summit of creation, of the one who is made in the image in the likeness of God, of Love.
A prayer and a patristic reading
In our journey toward heaven Christ, the true and passionate Shepherd, guides us with loving providence. Let’s pray with the Blessed J.H. Newman:
Lead, kindly Light, amid the encircling gloom,
Lead thou me on!
The night is dark, and I am far from home,–
Lead thou me on!
Keep thou my feet; I do not ask to see
The distant scene,–one step enough for me.
I was not ever thus, nor prayed that thou
Shouldst lead me on:
I loved to choose and see my path, but now
Lead thou me on!
I loved the garish days, and, spite of fears,
Pride ruled my will: remember not past years.
So long thy power hath blessed me, sure it still
Will lead me on;
O’er moor and fen, o’er crag and torrent, till
The night is gone;
And with the morn those angel faces smile
Which I have loved long since, and lost awhile.
Christ the Good Shepherd
“Homilies on the Gospels” by Saint Gregory the Great (Hom 14:3-6 Pl 76, 1129-1130)
|“I am the good shepherd. I know my own- by which I mean, I love them -and my own know me. In plain words: those who love me are willing to follow me, for anyone who does not love the truth has not yet come to know it.
My dear brethren, you have heard the test we pastors have to undergo. Turn now to consider how these words of our Lord imply a test for you also. Ask yourselves whether you belong to his flock, whether you know him, whether the light of his truth shines in your minds. I assure you that it is not by faith that you will come to know him, but by love; not by mere conviction, but by action. John the evangelist is my authority for this statement. He tells us that anyone who claims to know God without keeping his commandments is a liar.
Consequently, the Lord immediately adds: As the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for my sheep. Clearly he means that laying down his life for his sheep gives evidence of his knowledge of the Father and the Father’s knowledge of him. In other words, by the love with which he dies for his sheep he shows how greatly he loves his Father. Again he says: My sheep hear my voice, and I know them; they follow me, and I give them eternal life. Shortly before this he had declared: If anyone enters the sheepfold through me he shall be saved; he shall go freely in and out and shall find good pasture. He will enter into a life of faith; from faith he will go out to vision, from belief to contemplation, and will graze in the good pastures of everlasting life.
So our Lord’s sheep will finally reach their grazing ground where all who follow him in simplicity of heart will feed on the green pastures of eternity. These pastures are the spiritual joys of heaven. There the elect look upon the face of God with unclouded vision and feast at the banquet of life for ever more. Beloved brothers, let us set out for these pastures where we shall keep joyful festival with so many of our fellow citizens. May the thought of their happiness urge us on! Let us stir up our hearts, rekindle our faith, and long eagerly for what heaven has in store for us. To love thus is to be already on our way.
No matter what obstacles we encounter, we must not allow them to turn us aside from the joy of that heavenly feast. Anyone who is determined to reach his destination is not deterred by the roughness of the road that leads to it. Nor must we allow the charm of success to seduce us, or we shall be like a foolish traveler who is so distracted by the pleasant meadows through which he is passing that he forgets where he is going.”